Basic Medical Sciences

The Effects of Various Traditional Processing Methods on the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata)

The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of processed brown cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) were determined. The whole seeds were dehulled, ground into a paste and steamed (“Moinmoin”) or fried (“Akara” FB). Proximate analyses were done to determine the quantity containing 50g available carbohydrate. Forty healthy volunteers were used for this study. The test groups consumed the processed cowpea while 50g glucose was

Effect of High Carbohydrate Low Fat Nigerian-Like Diet on Biochemical Indices in Rabbits

The effects of High Carbohydrate Low Fat (HCLF) diet on biochemical indices were evaluated in rabbits. The diet consisting of 85% carbohydrate and 5% fat as % of total energy in a wholly compounded form was administered to rabbits. Twelve rabbits were randomly divided into two groups of six rabbits per group. The groups were Group I fed the control diet and the second group II was fed with the low protein high carbohydrate diet. At the end of eight weeks, the animals in each group were sacrificed and analysis done on blood samples of the rabbits.

Glycemic Response of some Local Nigerian Drinks in Healthy Subjects

 This study was designed to determine the postprandial glycemic responses of healthy Nigerian subjects to five traditional drinks as a preliminary to the detailed study of the Nigerian mixed diet and identify drinks suitable for vulnerable groups such as diabetic patients. Subjects and Methods: The drinks investigated were oil PalmWine, Bottled Raphia wine, ‘Kunu’, ‘Zobo’ drink, and PlantainWine. The proximate composition of the drinks were determined adn the amounts that will deliver 50g carbohydrate were administered to the subjects after an overnight fast.