GUARANTEEING WOMEN’S PROPERTY AND INHERITANCE RIGHTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY (EVIDENCE FROM LATIN AMERICA AND SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA)

It is now widely recognized that ownership and control over assets such as land and housing
provide economic security, incentives for taking economic risks that lead to growth and
important economic returns including income. Yet, women in many counties are far less likely
than men to enjoy ownership or control of these important assets. Ensuring female property and
inheritance rights would help to empower women and rectify a fundamental injustice [1]. This
inequality results from a variety of factors, including unequal inheritance practices, the practice
of Registering land and houses in the name of the head of household (usually defined as a man),
unequal access to land markets due to custom, tradition, and unequal economic assets, and
gender-biased land reforms. Inequality in properly rights contributes to women’s generally low
status and vulnerability to poverty compared with men. Women’s lack of property has been
increasingly linked to development - related problems across the globe,   including power,
HIV/AIDS, urbanization, migration, and violence [1]. Women’s access to land and properly may
derive from traditional methods of household and communal decision making, women’s
ownership of land can be guaranteed only through land and properly rights that relate to an
enforceable claim that ensures women’s freedom to rent, bequeath, or dispose the property.
Secure tenure means being protected against involuntary removal from one’s land or residence,
except in exceptional circumstances, and then only thorough a known and agreed legal
procedure that is objective, equally applicable, contestable, and independent [2].

Author(s)
MR. SUMAINA YESUFU
DR. KINGSLEY OMOYIBO
Faculty/Institute/Centre